Immanuel Kant, Critique of Judgement, 1790
Four definitions of the beautiful:
(1) Taste is the faculty of judging an object or a mode of representation by means of a delight or aversion apart from any interest. The object of such a delight is called beautiful.
(2) The beautiful is that which, apart from a concept, pleases universally.
(3) Beauty is the form of purposiveness in an object, so far as this is perceived in it apart from the representation of an end.
(4) The beautiful is that which, apart from a concept, is cognized as object of a necessary delight.
This definition of the beautiful is derivable from the foregoing definition of it as an object of delight apart from any interest. For where anyone is conscious that his delight in an object is with him independent of interest, it is inevitable that he should judge the object as one containing a ground of delight for all human beings. For, since the delight is not based on any inclination of the subject (or on any other deliberate interest), but the judging subject feels himself completely free in respect of the liking which he accords to the object, he can find as reason for his delight no personal conditions to which his own subjective self might alone be party. Hence he must regard it as resting on what he may also presuppose in every other person; and therefore he must believe that he has reason for expecting a similar delight from everyone. Accordingly he will speak of the beautiful as if beauty were a feature of the object and the judgement were logical (forming a cognition of the object by concepts of it); although it is only aesthetic, and contains merely a reference of the representation of the object to the subject; – because it still bears this resemblance to the logical judgement, that it may be presupposed to be valid for everyone. But this universality cannot spring from concepts. For from concepts there is no transition to the feeling of pleasure or displeasure (save in the case of pure practical laws, which, however, carry an interest with them; and such an interest does not attach to the pure judgement of taste). The result is that the judgement of taste, with its attendant consciousness of detachment from all interest, must involve a claim to validity for everyone, and must do so apart from a universality directed to objects, i.e. there must be coupled with it a claim to subjective universality (pp. 42-43)
Immanuel Kant, Critique of Judgement [Kritik der Urteilskraft, 1790]
Quoted after edition by Oxford University Press (ed. Nicholas Walker), 2007, translated by J.C. Meredith, pp. 42-71
Applications should be sent to the e-mail address email@example.com, which you can find on this website as well as any other information on the International Student Biennial.
Students need to send quality visual material (300 dpi resolution) together with a brief description of the work, and a student status certificate of any level. Expenses and organization of transportation are borne by the students themselves, but the organizer may help according to available resources.
The exhibition is planned for the end of 2019 in Osijek, when three official prizes will be awarded. The awarded works are planned to be presented at a separate exhibition in 2020.
The deadline for submitting the application is October 5th 2019